25. Dezember 2010

Aufgelesen: Open Data

Definition. Gastbeitrag von Melanie Chernoff, Red Hat
Open Knowledge Foundation 10.12.2010
Zusammenfassung: Alle offenen Daten sind öffentlich abrufbar, aber nicht alle öffentlich abrufbaren Daten sind offen. Es geht nicht nur darum, WELCHE Informationen (nicht personenbezogen, nicht sicherheitsrelevant) veröffentlicht werden, sondern auch um das WIE (offenes Format, kostenlos abrufbar, ohne unfaire Einschränkung der Nutzung).
  • The Open Knowledge Definition says it this way, “A piece of content or data is open if you are free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike.” Generally, this means that the data should be released in a format that is free of royalties and other IP restrictions. The problem is that an increasing number of people are using the term open data to mean publicly available data.
  • “open data” initiative focuses on what data is made available, when open data is really about how data is made available.
  • Simply put, all open data is publicly available. But not all publicly available data is open. 
  • Open data does not mean that a government or other entity releases all of its data to the public. It would be unconscionable for the government to give out all of your private, personal data to anyone who asks for it. Rather, open data means that whatever data is released is done so in a specific way to allow the public to access it without having to pay fees or be unfairly restricted in its use.
  • If open data is misunderstood as releasing any and all data to the public, people will become opposed to the concept due to their concerns about privacy.
  • the data that governments do and should publish is done so in a way to ensure equal public access by all citizens. In other words, you shouldn’t have to buy a particular vendor’s product in order to be able to open, use, or repurpose the data.
  • there are real privacy and/or security concerns with putting all the government’s data out there, but that is a separate issue and shouldn’t be confused with open data. Whether data should be made publicly available is where privacy concerns come into play. Once it has been determined that government data should be made public, then it should be done so in an open format.

Keine Kommentare:

Kommentar veröffentlichen